Minimally invasive surgery is the use of specific surgical instruments and techniques that allow for both higher accuracy and less operative trauma, reducing postoperative discomfort and allowing for faster recovery of the patient.
In the field of pelvic surgery specifically, we highlight the laparoscopic and vaginal surgery. During laparoscopy, the abdomen is inflated with carbon dioxide and 3-4 incisions of 0.5 to 2 centimeters long each are performed. Through one of them is inserted a micro camera which enables visualization of abdominal organs and structures with high definition and magnification. Inserted through other incisions are small delicate forceps for the surgery itself.
Due to the magnification provided by the camera, it is possible to remove diseases that could not be perceived by the naked eye, with the preservation of important structures such as blood vessels and nerves. Another advantage is that surgery can be filmed and recorded on DVD or tape for later analysis.